- 1 Where is the South Pass in the Rockies?
- 2 Which three trails crossed the Rocky Mountains at South Pass?
- 3 What did South Pass represent on the Oregon Trail?
- 4 Who discovered the South Pass through the Rocky Mountains?
- 5 What was the hardest part of the Oregon Trail?
- 6 Why did Jim Bridger build a fort along the Oregon Trail?
- 7 What three trails crossed the Louisiana Territory from independence?
- 8 How did covered wagons cross mountains?
- 9 How long did it take to cross the Rockies on the Oregon Trail?
- 10 Who was the first American to travel to Oregon?
- 11 How did the pioneers cross the Rockies?
- 12 Who were the astorians?
- 13 How long does it take to cross the Rocky Mountains on foot?
- 14 What is the lowest elevation of the Continental Divide?
Where is the South Pass in the Rockies?
South Pass (elevation 7,412 feet [2,259 m] and 7,550 feet [2,300 m]) is the collective term for two mountain passes on the Continental Divide, in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Wyoming.
Which three trails crossed the Rocky Mountains at South Pass?
The Oregon Trail, California Trail and Mormon Trail are all extremely significant historic trails used by emigrants heading west during the Great Western Migration, and all three of these trails cross over the historic South Pass, which is only 8 miles from the ghost town of South Pass City.
What did South Pass represent on the Oregon Trail?
South Pass was perhaps the most important landmark along the emigrant trails. It marked the end of the long ascent to the Continental Divide and the emigrants’ arrival at the frontier of the Oregon country. It was also thought to be the halfway point along the trail.
Who discovered the South Pass through the Rocky Mountains?
In March 1813 they continued down the Platte and the Missouri, finally reaching St. Louis safely on April 30, 1813. The seven white men who “discovered” South Pass were Robert Stuart, Ramsay Crooks, Benjamin Jones, François LeClerc, Robert McClellan, Joseph Miller and André Vallé.
What was the hardest part of the Oregon Trail?
Major threats to pioneer life and limb came from accidents, exhaustion, and disease. Crossing rivers were probably the most dangerous thing pioneers did. Swollen rivers could tip over and drown both people and oxen. Such accidents could cause the loss of life and most or all of valuable supplies.
Why did Jim Bridger build a fort along the Oregon Trail?
He was convinced that the emigrant traffic through the West had become heavy enough to support a trading post. He founded Fort Bridger along the Green River section of the Oregon Trail, in present-day southern Wyoming.
What three trails crossed the Louisiana Territory from independence?
They were the Mormon trail, Oregon trail, and Santa Fe trail.
How did covered wagons cross mountains?
The Sweetwater River banks led the wagon trains up the gentle slopes of South Pass, where pioneers crossed the Rocky Mountains. The trail then crossed the rugged Snake River Desert and treacherous Blue Mountains before reaching the Columbia River. About 80% of the wagons in 1850 were hauled by oxen.
How long did it take to cross the Rockies on the Oregon Trail?
Life on the Oregon Trail Planning a five- to six-month trip across rugged terrain was no easy task and could take up to a year. Emigrants had to sell their homes, businesses and any possessions they couldn’t take with them. They also had to purchase hundreds of pounds of supplies including: flour.
Who was the first American to travel to Oregon?
○ John Jacob Astor – A German immigrant who sent the first American fur-trading expedition to Oregon.
How did the pioneers cross the Rockies?
They followed a route blazed by fur traders, which took them west along the Platte River through the Rocky Mountains via the easy South Pass in Wyoming and then northwest to the Columbia River. In the years to come, pioneers came to call the route the Oregon Trail.
Who were the astorians?
The Astorians were the first fur traders to arrive. New York entrepreneur John Jacob Astor sent two groups of clerks to the Columbia River country—one by sea and the other by land.
How long does it take to cross the Rocky Mountains on foot?
There are numerous trails, short hikes and scenic pull-off spots. The entire trip crosses about 50 miles of spectacular Rocky Mountain scenery and can take anywhere from 2 hours of non-stop driving to an all day trip with scenic and meal stops.
What is the lowest elevation of the Continental Divide?
The highest elevation reached on the Continental Divide Trail is Grays Peak in Colorado (14,270 ft / 4,349.5 m) and the lowest point is at Waterton Lake in Glacier National Park in Montana (4,200 ft / 1,280 m).